There is universal acknowledgement that anti-money laundering (“AML”) monitoring has become progressively costlier (both in terms of time and money) since the Bank Secrecy Act (“BSA”) was passed nearly five decades ago, and that compliance has become increasingly burdensome, especially for smaller regional and community institutions. According to the Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (“FinCEN”), nearly one million suspicious activity reports (“SAR”) were filed in 2016 (up from 669,000 in 2013). According to a 2016 report by the Heritage Foundation, the cost of compliance with current AML rules could be as much as $8 billion a year. Notwithstanding the tremendous resources spent on AML compliance, money laundering is still rampant. The U.N. has estimated that the amount of money laundered every year is between $800 billion and $2 trillion dollars. However, according to a 2011 report issued by the U.N. Office on Drugs and Crime, less than one percent of this amount is seized by law enforcement. Continue Reading
On February 21, 2018, the Supreme Court issued a pivotal decision narrowing the definition of a whistleblower under the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act of 2010 (“Dodd-Frank,” or the “Act”). In Digital Realty Trust, Inc. v. Somers, the Court unanimously held that to qualify as a whistleblower, a person must first report a securities law violation to the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”). 583 U.S. __, No. 16-1276, 2018 WL 987345 (Feb. 21, 2018). Continue Reading
On January 17, 2018, the New York/New Jersey Port Authority enacted its own vigorous False Claims Policy that punishes contractors who intentionally make material false statements about work they performed or goods they provided to get paid. The Policy incentivizes reporting of False Claims by offering up to 25% of the amount recovered to whistleblowers. The Policy can be found here. The Policy is one of six new integrity measures the Port Authority has enacted over the last six months to protect the substantial investments that it committed to in its 2017-2026 Capital Plan.
The 2018 National Defense Authorization Act (“NDAA” or “Act”) includes changes that could make the Department of Defense (“DoD”) a more effective and knowledgeable purchaser of Intellectual Property (“IP”) and promote more flexible IP acquisition strategies. These same changes also could encourage Contracting Officers to insist on broader IP rights and delivery requirements. While it has always been important for contractors to protect their IP (click here for our list of “Top 10 Ways to Lose Rights in Your IP”), with the passage of the 2018 NDAA, avoiding the loss of valuable IP rights could require even more sophistication and vigilance. Continue Reading
On January 25, 2018, Associate Attorney General Rachel Brand issued a memorandum (the “Brand Memo”) limiting the use of agency guidance documents in affirmative civil enforcement cases. The memorandum builds on Attorney General Jeff Sessions’ November 16, 2017 memorandum prohibiting DOJ from promulgating guidance documents that create rights or obligations that are binding on regulated parties. When DOJ issues a guidance document with voluntary standards, it must also contain a statement that noncompliance is not subject to future DOJ enforcement actions. The Brand Memo makes clear that this principle also applies to other agencies’ guidance documents. In other words, agency guidance, in and of itself, cannot create new binding legal requirements.
Deputy Attorney General Rod J. Rosenstein recently announced a revision to the U.S. Department of Justice (“DOJ”) policy on corporate enforcement of the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (“FCPA”). The revision codifies a pilot program established during the Obama administration, which allows some companies that voluntarily disclose possible violations of the FCPA to avoid criminal prosecution. The new Corporate Enforcement Policy will be codified in the U.S. Attorney’s Manual. These announcements came during Mr. Rosenstein’s speech at the 34th International Conference on the FCPA, on November 29, 2017. Mr. Rosenstein’s overall theme was that global corruption negatively impacts business, society, and governments, and he asked corporate America to help fight corruption through compliance programs, as a matter of American safety and security. Continue Reading
While the Travel Ban continues to move up and down the federal court system, here are the latest rules governing travel for citizens of the affected countries as a result of the U.S. Supreme Court’s lifting of the lower courts’ injunctions on December 4, 2017, a December 22 ruling by the Ninth Circuit invalidating the latest travel ban but not enjoining it, and recent action by a Federal District Court in Seattle partially lifting the refugee ban on December 23, 2017: Continue Reading
Auditing by the Defense Contract Audit Agency (“DCAA”) is a ubiquitous cost of doing business with the Department of Defense, and one which many defense contractors have come to dread. Unfortunately, far too often the DCAA’s audit reports rely upon faulty evidence and/or unreasonable interpretations that ignore the plain language of contracts, procurement regulations, and existing decisional law. When this happens, contractors typically have no choice but to engage in the costly process of challenging the audit findings and, when contracting officers lack the will to butt heads with the DCAA, to pursue litigation (and incur unallowable costs) to obtain relief from noncompliance determinations that never should have issued in the first place. Continue Reading
One of the most eye-catching items in the recently released 2017 Annual Report of the Enforcement Division of the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC or the Commission) is the significant decline in enforcement activity from 2017. The report, issued on November 15th and summarizing the agency’s activity from October 1, 2016 to September 30, 2017, has drawn scrutiny from numerous commentators, who view the decline as the result of an ideological shift from the aggressive, prosecutorial style of enforcement of ex-Chairwoman Mary Jo White to a more restrained approach under new Chairman Jay Clayton. However, the SEC insists that despite this shift, it is not “slowing down.” Instead, the SEC has identified new target areas that financial industry professionals should keep in mind. Continue Reading
Pursuant to DFARS 252.204-7012, DoD contractors are to implement the security requirements in NIST Special Publication (SP) 800-171 by December 31, 2017. NIST SP 800-171 includes security requirements for protecting Controlled Unclassified Information (CUI) in nonfederal systems and is expected soon to be required under civilian agency contracts through a forthcoming FAR case. On November 28, 2017, NIST released its highly-anticipated draft publication, NIST SP 800-171A on “Assessing Security Requirements for Controlled Unclassified Information.” Like NIST SP 800-53A, which provides assessment procedures related to the requirements in NIST SP 800-53 (containing security requirements for federal systems), the draft publication will “help organizations develop assessment plans and conduct efficient, effective, and cost-effective assessments of the security requirements in Special Publication 800-171.” The draft special publication includes assessment procedures relating to each of the security requirements in the fourteen families included in NIST SP 800-171 and describes methods by which companies can “generate evidence to support the assertion that the security requirements have been satisfied.” Thus, it appears an organization that conducts the suggested assessments in the draft publication and generates supporting documentation can present this to its agency customer as proof of compliance with NIST SP 800-171 (of course, this is subject to any agency-specific clauses or demands relating to safeguarding CUI). Continue Reading