Category Archives: WTO GPA

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Free(er?) Trade – US, EU and Canada Quibble Over Market Access and Domestic Preferences

The US is generally pretty keen on international free trade agreements. And why shouldn’t it be? After all, free trade agreements have the ability to open up foreign markets to US goods and services, allowing new and expanding opportunities for US companies. But “free trade” does not always mean “free trade” – it usually means … Continue Reading

Buy American Redux – 15 Tips for Navigating the Buy American Maze

By David Gallacher Two months ago, we published a brief list of compliance tips to keep in mind when dealing with Buy American requirements. We got an awful lot of calls asking for more information, so – at the risk of giving you more information than you wanted on a very complicated topic – David … Continue Reading

“Buy American” Compliance Tips

By David Gallacher 1. There is no single “Buy American” requirement – there are numerous statutes with differing requirements. Make sure you know which one applies. 2. Whether you are a prime or a subcontractor, certify only to the specific “Buy American” requirements in the RFP; do not make a broader certification than is required.… Continue Reading

Free Trade Agreement Updates for 2012

By David Gallacher 2012 saw several updates with regard to free trade agreements (“FTAs”) between the U.S. and its international trading allies. The most notable of these was the U.S.-Korea FTA (“KORUS”), but several other changes were made to the U.S. procurement regulations implementing other free trade agreements. Regrettably, negotiations with China remain stalled with … Continue Reading

Free Trade Agreement Updates – Changes to the WTO GPA and KORUS FTA

By David Gallacher In December 2011 the World Trade Organization reached an agreement in principle to implement “historic revisions” to the World Trade Organization Government Procurement Agreement (WTO GPA), a trade agreement covering the public procurement markets in more than 40 WTO member states (including the United States). On March 30, 2012, the WTO GPA … Continue Reading

Terrorism and Taxes – Proposed FAR Rule Imposes 2% Tax on Foreign Offers to Fund 9/11 Relief Fund

By David Gallacher and John Bonn On January 2, 2011, the President signed the James Zadroga 9/11 Health and Compensation Act of 2010, Pub. L. No. 111-347, which set up a relief fund for victims, first responders, and construction workers who were injured in the September 11 terrorist attacks in New York City. To pay … Continue Reading

“Buy American” and Photovoltaic Devices – Interim Rule Issued by DoD

By David Gallacher and Curt Dombek Last year in January 2011, the President signed the 2011 National Defense Authorization Act (Pub. L. No. 111-383, Section 846), which included a “Buy American” requirement for photovoltaic devices being purchased by the U.S. Department of Defense (“DoD”). We previously discussed this new requirement in our blog. Twelve months … Continue Reading

New 2012 Updates to U.S. Free Trade Agreements Expected; No Progress With China

By David Gallacher 2012 will see changes regarding U.S. free trade agreements relating to, first, the dollar thresholds at which the various agreements apply to federal purchases and, second, the likely expansion of the scope of the World Trade Organization Government Procurement Agreement ("WTO GPA"). The updated dollar thresholds are important for government contractors because … Continue Reading

New Defense Authorization Act Imposes Buy American Act Mandate for Photovoltaics

By Curtis M. Dombek The 2011 Defense Authorization Act signed by the President this week contains a requirement in Section 846 for the Department of Defense to incorporate a clause in specified solar energy contracts requiring photovoltaic devices provided under the contract to comply with the Buy American Act, 41 U.S.C. 10a et seq., subject to … Continue Reading

Recovery Act and Updates to “Buy American”

By David S. Gallacher On March 25, 2010, the Office of Management and Budget ("OMB") offered three small, yet significant, amendments to the rules implementing the "Buy American" requirement of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (Section 1605 of the "Recovery Act" or "ARRA"). See 75 Fed. Reg. 14323. The new rules do liberalize the … Continue Reading

Six Questions To Ask In Figuring Out Whether The Recovery Act Buy American Requirement Applies To You

Nearly one year ago on February 17, 2009, President Obama signed into law the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (Pub. L. No. 111-5), more commonly known as the Stimulus Act, the Recovery Act, or ARRA. One of the key features of the Act included a "Buy American" requirement, requiring domestically manufactured "iron, steel, or … Continue Reading

New 2010 Updates to Buy American and Trade Agreements Dollar Thresholds; Buy American Requirements Remain Elusive and Complicated

Effective January 1, 2010, the U.S. Trade Representative (USTR), Ronald Kirk, published new dollar thresholds determining the applicability of the Buy American Act (BAA), the Trade Agreements Act (TAA), and (potentially) other "Buy American" preferences to the United States’ various international free trade agreements. See 74 Federal Register 68907 (December 29, 2009). The changes to the dollar … Continue Reading

Country of Origin –
“Made In Taiwan” Will Soon Be TAA Compliant
China Continues to Dawdle
Costa Rica, Peru, and Oman also Recognized

On June 16, 2009, Taiwan (aka Chinese Taipei) took the penultimate step in acceding to the World Trade Organization’s Government Procurement Agreement (WTO GPA), which will eventually grant Taiwan "free trade partner" status under the Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) and allow companies selling to the U.S. Government to deliver products that are manufactured in Taiwan. The … Continue Reading

Recovery Act Update -
U.S. Stimulus: “Buy American”
PRC Stimulus: “Buy Chinese”
Canada and WTO: “Not Pleased”

On February 17, 2009, President Obama signed into law the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (Pub. L. No. 111-5), known popularly by a variety of names, including “ARRA,” the “Recovery Act,” and the “Stimulus Act.” We have previously discussed many of the provisions relating to the Recovery Act at some length, especially the implementing regulations … Continue Reading

Free Trade Agreements, “Made In America,” and The 2009 Stimulus Package – Country of Origin Requirements Remain an Elusive Compliance Obligation

On January 15, 2009, the Government issued a final rule adjusting the dollar thresholds at which the Trade Agreements Act ("TAA") applies to U.S. Government procurements.  See 74 Federal Register 2745.  The changes were originally enacted as an interim rule in February 2008 (see 73 Federal Register 10962 and 73 Federal Register 16747; see also … Continue Reading
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